Government spending has been spiraling upward—and spending by nearly all government agencies can, and should, be cut. President Obama has just submitted his 2013 budget request to Congress, providing fertile ground for spending cuts. The Department of Energy, with its many research, development, and grant programs offers many opportunities for savings. While there is an important role for the Department of Energy in energy security and environmental management, many Department of Energy projects fall outside its mission, supporting everything from commercialization of technologies to noncritical research—which can be conducted, usually much more efficiently, by the private sector. This paper provides a common-sense guide to saving $5.5 billion in the fiscal 2013 budget proposal while maintaining funding for the Department of Energy’s real mission of promoting national and economic energy security.